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                                                                              當前位置 > 首頁 > 技術文檔 > SPSS新建數據

                                                                              SPSS新建數據

                                                                              來源:CPDA數據分析師學習網 | 時間:2018-02-26 | 作者:數據分析學習網

                                                                              1. 打開已經安裝好的SPSS軟件,選擇文件——新建——數據,則可以創建一個空的數據數據文件。1519550615(1)
                                                                              2. 數據視圖界面介紹:新建后,系統自動切換到一個類似于excel界面,在這里,行、列有它自己的名稱:行成為數據集,列稱為變量;以后spss所有的分析均以變量和數據集為基礎開展。這個表格內的數據視圖稱為數據視圖,可以直接在該界面進行數據編輯和錄入工作。但是編輯的前提是需要我們對數據變量進行定義,這點是跟EXcel不一樣的地方。1519550803(1)
                                                                              3. 變量視圖介紹:左下角中,數據視圖界面的旁邊有另一個界面:變量視圖,我們單擊切換過去;這里的行列又有不一樣的定義:每一行定義的是數據視圖界面的變量類型;每一列則為定義該類型的詳細參數。1519606749(1)
                                                                              4. 如我們對變量視圖第一行進行編輯錄入操作:名稱:單位;類型:字符串;寬度:16;對齊:左。則表示我們定義了一個變量:單位,其變量類型具體定義為:16字符的字符串,左對齊。我們再切換到數據視圖可以看到,第一列的變量名稱已經變成“單位”,相應的格式也已經按變量視圖的定義處理。1519606977(1)1519607276(1)
                                                                              5. 變量編輯:我們可以對已經存在的變量定義進行編輯;如上面錄入的單位變量,我們把它的對齊位置改為:居中對齊;則數據系統對應變量的數據集全部顯示為居中對齊編輯;這是spss和Excel在編輯邏輯中最本質的區別:把數據定義和數據編輯分離。這是spss作為一個優秀的統計分析軟件的基礎。 1519607502(1)1519607448(1)
                                                                              6. 保存;編輯完成后,我們需要點擊保存:菜單欄--文件--保存,在彈出的保存對話框內進行文件名的編輯和保存路徑的選定則可;保存后,我們可以看到原打開的IBM SPSS Statistics查看器窗口顯示:

                                                                                NEW FILE.

                                                                                DATASET NAME 數據集1 WINDOW=FRONT.

                                                                                SAVE OUTFILE='C:\教程1.sav'

                                                                                /COMPRESSED.

                                                                                這個是我們操作的過程日志記錄,可以隨時查看我們的操作步驟,最后COMPRESSED表示保存成功。1519609523(1)

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